Abdulaziz Abduvaliev

© Abdulaziz Abduvaliev Artykuł udostępniony na licencji CC BY-SA 4.0

ARTYKUŁ

(Angielski) PDF

STRESZCZENIE

The ongoing large-scale reforms implemented in all areas of the socio-economic, environmental and political spheres of Uzbekistan are directly related to the tasks defined by Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). One of the key directions in the development of Uzbekistan involves the formation of an innovative economy. The aim of the study discussed in the article is the assessment of the effectiveness of ongoing reforms and the results achieved in the development of an innovative economy in the country. The conducted research is of an empirical character and based on the analysis of official statistics and data provided by a variety of international organisations for the years 2013–2022.
The study analyses the number of enterprises and organisations producing innovative goods and works and providing services of their own in the manufacturing industry, and the number of research specialists (also by specialisation) in Research & Development (R&D). The research shows that some positive results were achieved in this area, although a broader analysis of the innovation sphere reveals a need for more in-depth reforms. Special attention should be devoted to high technology, as the level of its development in the studied period remained the lowest.

SŁOWA KLUCZOWE

economy, innovation, research and development, R&D, industry, Sustainable Development Goals

JEL

F60, F63, O38

BIBLIOGRAFIA

Cooke, I., & Mayes, P. (1996). Introduction to Innovation and Technology Transfer. Artech House.

Cordova, M. F., & Celone, A. (2019). SDGs and Innovation in the Business Context Literature Review. Sustainability, 11(24), 1–14. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11247043.

Decision of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PQ-3855 of 14th July 2018 ‘On additional measures to increase the efficiency of commercialisation of the results of scientific and scientific and technical activities’. https://lex.uz/docs/3823583.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-60 of 28th January 2022 ‘On the development strategy of New Uzbekistan for 2022–2026’. https://lex.uz/docs/5841063.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-4947 of 7th February 2017 ‘On the Strategy of Actions for the further development of the Republic of Uzbekistan’. https://lex.uz/docs/3107036.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-5264 of 29th November 2017 ‘On the establishment of the Ministry of Innovative Development of the Republic of Uzbekistan’. https://lex.uz/docs/3431985.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PF-5544 of 21st September 2018 ‘On approval of the innovative development strategy of the Republic of Uzbekistan in 2019–2021’. https://lex.uz/docs/3913188.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. PQ-4433 of 30th August 2019 ‘On measures to improve the system of attracting young people to the field of science and supporting their initiatives’. https://lex.uz/docs/4494504.

Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. UP-158 of 11th September 2023 ‘On the Strategy Uzbekistan-2030’. https://lex.uz/docs/6600404.

Dutta, S., Lanvin, B., León, L. R., & Wunsch-Vincent, S. (Eds.). (2023). Global Innovation Index 2023. Innovation in the face of uncertainty. WIPO. https://doi.org/10.34667/tind.48220.

Grama-Vigouroux, S., Saidi, S., Uvarova, I., Cirule, I., & Sellami, M. (2024). Drivers and Barriers of National Innovation Ecosystems for Implementing Sustainable Development Goals: A Latvian Case Study. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 71, 4188–4204. https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2022.3233859.

Guo, H., Huang, L., & Liang, D. (2022). Further promotion of sustainable development goals using science, technology, and innovation. The Innovation, 3(6), 1–2. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.xinn.2022.100325.

Maclaurin, W. R. (1949). Invention and Innovation in the Radio Industry. Macmillan.

Manzoor, F., Wei, L., Subhan, Q. A., & Siraj, M. (2023). Sustainability-oriented innovation system and economic stability of the innovative countries. Frontiers in Public Health, 11, 1–9. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2023.1138034.

Myers, S., & Marquis, D. G. (1969). Successful Industrial Innovations: A Study of Factors Underlying Innovation in Selected Firms. National Science Foundation.

O’zbekiston Milliy axborot agentligi. (n.d.). Poslanie Prezidenta Respubliki Uzbekistan Shavkata Mirziyeev 25.01.2020. Retrieved March, 10, 2024, from https://uza.uz/ru/posts.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 133 of 9th March 2020 ‘On measures to further improve the regulatory framework for the development of scientific research and innovative activities’. https://lex.uz/docs/4759202.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 684 of 3rd November 2020 ‘On measures to organise the activities of the national venture fund UzVC’. https://lex.uz/docs/5077677.

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan No. 841 of 20th October 2018 ‘On measures to implement national goals and objectives in the field of sustainable development until 2030’. https://lex.uz/docs/4013356.

Schumpeter, J. A. (1962). Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy. Harper. https://msuweb.montclair.edu/~lebelp/SchumpeterChapter7.pdf .

Tu, Y.-T., Aljumah, A. I., Nguyen, S. V., Cheng, Ch.-F., Taie, T. D., & Qiu, R. (2023). Achieving sustainable development goals through a sharing economy: Empirical evidence from developing economies. Journal of Innovation & Knowledge, 8(1), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jik.2022.100299 .

United Nations. (2022). Innovation for Sustainable Development. Review of Uzbekistan. https://unece.org/sites/default/files/2022-06/9789211172966_I4SDR_UZBEKISTAN_2022_web_full%2Bcover.pdf .

United Nations. (2023). Technology and Innovation report. Opening green windows. Technological opportunities for a low-carbon world. https://unctad.org/system/files/official-document/tir2023overview_en.pdf .

Vatananan-Thesenvitz, R. V., Schaller, A.-A., & Shannon, R. (2019). A Bibliometric Review of the Knowledge Base for Innovation in Sustainable Development. Sustainability, 11(20), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11205783 .

Do góry
© 2019-2022 Copyright by Główny Urząd Statystyczny, pewne prawa zastrzeżone. Licencja Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 (CC BY-SA 4.0) Creative Commons — Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International — CC BY-SA 4.0