Oleksandr Shubalyi https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9131-1896 , Andrzej Miszczuk https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6928-6535

© Oleksandr Shubalyi, Andrzej Miszczuk. Artykuł udostępniony na licencji CC BY-SA 4.0


(Angielski) PDF


In 2015, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on the implementation of a new paradigm of the world development – the sustainable development. In the aforementioned resolution, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were formulated with the prospect of their implementation by 2030. The aim of the paper is to perform a multicriteria assessment of the level of financial support for the process of achieving the SDGs determined on the basis of the 2030 Agenda in Poland and Ukraine. The analysis focused on the Polish and Ukrainian regions adjacent to the external border of the EU. The subject matter of the research comprises theoretical, methodological and practical rules for performing this assessment, which can be useful for local authorities of the border regions in their decisionmaking. The research period, covering the years between 2017 and 2019, has been determined on the basis of the availability of statistical data. The 17 predefined SDGs (identified at a global level by the 2030 Agenda) have been divided into three components: social, economic and environmental. The multi-criteria assessment was performed on the basis of the index method, which involved the gradual defining of individual indexes (measures), group indexes (corresponding with the SDGs), cross-group indexes (corresponding with the components), and an integral index for specific border regions and border areas of Poland and Ukraine. The study confirmed the hypothesis that the border regions of Poland received significantly higher financial support for the implementation of the SDGs than the border regions of Ukraine. However, in all the studied regions during the research period these indexes saw a negative, downward trend. It has been concluded that the available statistical data are insufficient for the full measurement of the contribution of particular sources and areas of financing to the implementation of the SDGs. Therefore, creating an international database dedicated to this purpose has been recommended.


2030 Sustainable Development Goals, financial support, border regions, multicriteria assessment


C15, F37, G17, Q56, R11


Balas, A., & Molenda, A. (2016). Indicators of Poland’s sustainable development and tools for their dissemination and presentation. Optimum. Studia Ekonomiczne, (2), 97–114. https://doi.org/10.15290/ose.2016.02.80.08.

Deloitte. (2019, December 10). Perspektywy rozwoju zrównoważonego finansowania – implikacje dla sektora przedsiębiorstw finansowych i niefinansowych w Polsce. https://www.gov.pl/web/rozwoj/zrownowazone-finansowanie.

European Commission. (2020). Consultation on the renewed sustainable finance strategy. Retrieved on January 30, 2022, from https://ec.europa.eu/info/consultations/finance-2020-sustainable-finance-strategy_en.

European Commission. (2021, April 21). Sustainable finance package. Retrieved on January 30, 2022, from https://ec.europa.eu/info/publications/210421-sustainable-finance-communication_en.

The European Green Deal. (2019). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the European Council, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, COM(2019) 640. https://g8fip1kplyr33r3krz5b97d1-wpengine.netdna-ssl.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/12/The-European-Green-Deal-Communication.pdf.

Eurostat. (2021). Sustainable development in the European Union. Monitoring report on progress towards the SDGs in an EU context. 2021 edition. Publications Office of the European Union. https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/products-statistical-books/ks-03-21-096.

Główny Urząd Statystyczny. (n.d). Oficjalne statystyki SDG – wskaźniki dla celów globalnych. https://sdg.gov.pl/.

Gordon, M. (1996). Problems and fundamentals of sustainable development indicators. Sustainable Development, 4, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1719(199603)4:1<1::AID-SD24>3.0.CO;2-N.

Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals in Poland. The 2018 National Report. (2018). https://www.gov.pl/web/rozwoj-technologia/monitoring-realizacji–agendy-2030.

Karman, A., Miszczuk, A., & Bronisz, U. (2021). Regional Climate Change Competitiveness – Modelling Approach. Energies, 14(12), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14123704.

Khvesyk, M. A., Shubalyi, A. M., & Golyan, V. A. (2017). Multicriteria evaluation of forestry development by regions (by the example of Ukraine). Folia Forestalia Polonica, series A – Forestry, 59(3), 207–218. https://doi.org/10.1515/ffp-2017-0022.

Kłos, A. (2017). Instrumenty finansowe w realizacji polityki zrównoważonego rozwoju. Studia Ekonomiczne, (319), 94–103.

Kozhukhova, T. V. (2017). Formuvannya ta transformatsiya hlobal’noyi systemy finansuvannya staloho rozvytku. Chernyavs’kyy. http://elibrary.donnuet.edu.ua/1923/1/Kozhuhova_%D0%9C%D0%9E%D0%9D%D0%9E_2017.pdf.

Ministerstwo Rozwoju i Technologii. (2019, 2 sierpnia). Zrównoważone finansowanie. Retrieved on January 30, 2022, from https://www.gov.pl/web/rozwoj-praca-technologia/zrownowazone-finansowanie.

Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. (2017a). Sustainable Development Goals: Ukraine. 2017 National Baseline Report. https://www.undp.org/ukraine/publications/sustainable-development-goals-2017-baseline-national-report.

Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. (2017b). Sustainable Development Goals: Ukraine. Targets and Indicators. https://www.undp.org/ukraine/publications/sustainable-development-goals-targets-and-indicators.

Ministry of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine. (2021). Sustainable Development Goals in Ukraine. Voluntary National Review. https://ukraine.un.org/en/151096-sustainable-development-goals-voluntary-national-review-ukraine.

Miszczuk, A. (red.). (2017). Wyzwania rozwojowe pogranicza polsko-ukraińskiego. Norbertinum. https://www.euroreg.uw.edu.pl/dane/web_euroreg_publications_files/6437/miszczuk_wyzwania_rozwojowe_pogranicza_polsko-ukraiskiego.pdf.

National Bank of Ukraine. (2021). NBU Sustainable Finance Development Policy 2025. https://bank.gov.ua/en/news/all/politika-natsionalnogo-banku-ukrayini-schodo-rozvitku-stalogo-finansuvannya-na-period-do-2025-roku.

Perło, D. (2014). Modelowanie zrównoważonego rozwoju regionów. Wydawnictwo Uniwersyteckie Trans Humana. https://repozytorium.uwb.edu.pl/jspui/bitstream/11320/6199/1/D_Perlo_Modelowanie_zrownowazonego_rozwoju_regionow.pdf.

Poburko, J. A. (2004). Osnovy rehional'noyi statystyky.

Ukaz Prezydenta Ukrayiny No722/2019. Pro Tsili staloho rozvytku Ukrayiny na period do 2030 roku. (2019). https://www.president.gov.ua/documents/7222019-29825.

United Nations. (2021). Glasgow Climate Pact. https://unfccc.int/sites/default/files/resource/cma3_auv_2_cover%20decision.pdf.

United Nations Global Compact. (2019). Scaling finance for the Sustainable Development Goals. Foreign direct investment, financial intermediation and public-private partnerships. https://sdghub.com/project/scaling-finance-for-the-sustainable-development-goals-foreign-direct-investment-financial-intermediation-and-public-private-partnerships/.

World Bank. (n.d.). PPP conversion factor, GDP (LCU per international $) [Data set]. Retrieved on January 30, 2022, from https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/PA.NUS.PPP?most_recent_year_desc=true.

Zhukovska, A., Zheliuk, T., Zhuk, I., Borshch, V., Makarenko, M., & Vozniakovska, K. (2021). Financial and legal instruments for promoting the implementation of sustainable development policy of the state (States, Region). Journal of Management Information and Decision Sciences, 24(3), 1–16. https://www.abacademies.org/articles/Financial-and-legal-instruments-for-promoting-the-implementation-of-sustainable-development-policy-of-the-state-States-Region-1532-5806-24-3-256.pdf.

Zioło, M. (2020). Finanse zrównoważone. Rozwój, ryzyko, rynek. Polskie Wydawnictwo Ekonomiczne.

Zioło, M., Bąk, I., & Cheba, K. (2021). The role of sustainable finance in achieving Sustainable Development Goals: does it work?. Technological and Economic Development of Economy, 27(1), 45–70. https://doi.org/10.3846/tede.2020.13863.

Zioło, M., Filipiak, B. Z., Bąk, I., Cheba, K., Tirca, D. M., & Novo-Corti, I. (2019). Finance, Sustainability and Negative Externalities. An Overview of the European Context. Sustainability, 11(15), 1–35. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11154249.

Do góry
© 2019-2022 Copyright by Główny Urząd Statystyczny, pewne prawa zastrzeżone. Licencja Creative Commons Uznanie autorstwa - Na tych samych warunkach 4.0 (CC BY-SA 4.0)