Piotr Matuszak
ARTYKUŁ

(Angielski) PDF

STRESZCZENIE

Celem badania jest ustalenie, czy bogactwo paliw kopalnych miało negatywny wpływ na przemiany polityczne i gospodarcze w krajach postsocjalistycznych w latach 1991—2015. Badaniem objęto 28 krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej i byłego Związku Radzieckiego. Wykorzystano dane pochodzące z baz Freedom House (FH), Europejskiego Banku Odbudowy i Rozwoju (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development — EBRD) i BP. W analizie zastosowano estymatory: within-between, o efektach losowych oraz o efektach stałych. W celu uniknięcia problemu endogeniczności wskaźników zasobów naturalnych wykorzystano zmienne odnoszące się do wielkości zasobów ropy i gazu.
Wyniki przeprowadzonego studium wykazały, że bogactwo wybranych paliw kopalnych nie miało decydującego wpływu na proces tworzenia gospodarki rynkowej oraz demokratyzacji krajów Europy Środkowo-Wschodniej i byłego Związku Radzieckiego.

SŁOWA KLUCZOWE

kraje postsocjalistyczne, przemiany instytucjonalne, klątwa bogactwa

JEL

O11, P20, Q32

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