Aleksandra Hałka
ARTYKUŁ

(Polski) PDF

STRESZCZENIE

Celem artykułu jest przedstawienie wyników badań zdezagregowanego wskaźnika cen w ocenie procesów inflacyjnych na przykładzie Polski. Prezentowane analizy wskazują, że podejście zdezagregowane pozwala na pełniejsze zrozumienie charakteru procesów cenotwórczych oraz na lepszą identyfikację czynników wpływających na kształtowanie się inflacji. Wyniki wskazują na trzy wnioski. Po pierwsze, znaczna część inflacji w Polsce jest uzależniona od czynników krajowych. Po drugie, nie należy utożsamiać wskaźnika inflacji bazowej z miarą presji popytowej w gospodarce. Po trzecie, zestaw czynników zewnętrznych kształtujących procesy cenotwórcze w Polsce jest stosunkowo szeroki i odmienny dla różnych komponentów wskaźnika cen.

SŁOWA KLUCZOWE

inflacja, zdezagregowane wskaźniki inflacji, polityka pieniężna, globalizacja, luka popytowa

JEL

E31, E52, F62

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